The Ifugao indigenous cultural community live in the Central Cordillera in Northern Luzon. They call themselves Ifugao which literally means “inhabitants of the known earth”: a self-ascription intended to distinguish them from the spirits and deities that inhabit the different worlds in the Ifugao cosmology. They are known for the Banaue Rice Terraces, an agricultural and engineering feat that has been hailed as the “eighth wonder of the world.”
Ikat is a style of weaving that uses a resist-dyeing process on the threads before they are woven. The Ifugao ikat uses natural colors extracted from tree bark, special mud from the rice terraces, bushes, shrubs, and yellow ginger combined with lime, and is woven using backstrap looms.